- A family of French political and military figures who served in the 18th and 19th centuries. Jean-Baptiste Cavaignac, baron of Lalande (1763-1829), born in Gourdon, was elected during the revolution of 1789 to the Convention (1792), and was known for his extreme revolutionary views. Named prefect during the hundred days, he was banished as a regicide at the time of the Restoration (1815). Godefroy Cavaignac (1801-45), the son of Jean-Baptiste Cavaignac, was born in Paris and, after participating in the july revolution of 1830, joined the republican opposition. Imprisoned after the troubles of June 1834, he escaped and reached England; returning to France (1841), he served as president of the society of the Rights of Man, which he had helped to found. Louis-Eugène Cavaignac (1802-57), the brother of Godefroy Cavaignac, was born in Paris. A military officer with republican convictions, he was sent to Algeria (1832), where he was named governor-general in 1848. Shortly after, he was then recalled to France to become minister of war. In that capacity, he suppressed the workers' uprising of June 1848 and, invested by the National Assembly with quasi-dictatorial powers, undertook a policy of severe repression. Defeated in the elections of December 1848 by Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (see napoléon III), he joined the opposition. Elected to the legislature in 1852, he refused to take his place because he would have had to swear the oath.
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
Look at other dictionaries:
Jean-Baptiste Cavaignac — (January 10, 1763 March 24, 1829) was a French politician and statesman.BiographyBorn at Gourdon (Lot département ), he was, after the outbreak of the French Revolution, a member of the département s directory, and then elected its deputy to the… … Wikipedia
Resolution of the Dreyfus Affair — Trial of Esterhazy for forgeryOn the same day as this arrest the examining magistrate Bertulus, disregarding the threats and entreaties directed at him, on his own initiative (as an official note put it) sent Major Esterhazy and his mistress,… … Wikipedia
France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W Europe. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. mi. (550,985 sq. km). Cap.: Paris. 3.… … Universalium
Napoleon III — Louis Napoleon redirects here. For other uses, see Louis Napoleon (disambiguation). Napoleon III 1st President of the French Republic Term 20 December 1848– 2 … Wikipedia
Zeitungen u. Zeitschriften — Zeitungen u. Zeitschriften, literarische Erzeugnisse, welche an bestimmten Orten u. zu bestimmten Zeiten erscheinend, Nachrichten über Gegenstände bringen od. Fragen erörtern, welche gerade nur für die Zeit Interesse haben. Während das Wort… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Alexis de Tocqueville — Tocqueville redirects here. For other uses, see Tocqueville (disambiguation). Alexis Charles Henri Clérel de Tocqueville Full name Alexis Charles Henri Clérel de Tocqueville Born 29 July 1805(1805 07 29) … Wikipedia
Charles de Gaulle — This article is about the French statesman. For other uses, see Charles de Gaulle (disambiguation). Charles De Gaulle President of the French Republic Co Prince of Andorra In office 8 January 195 … Wikipedia
The public scandal of the Dreyfus Affair — The scandal over falsely accused Alfred Dreyfus grew into a public scandal of unprecedented scale. Almost the entire french nation became divided between pro and anti Dreyfusards.Attitude of the pressAgainst this odious campaign was set in motion … Wikipedia
Philippe Pétain — Chief of the French State In office 11 July 1940 – 19 August 1944 Preceded by … Wikipedia
Odilon Barrot — 27th Prime Minister of France In office 20 December 1848 – 31 October 1849 Preceded by Louis Eugène Cavaignac … Wikipedia